Surfing Etiquette

Surfing Etiquette

Surfing Etiquette is the most important thing to learn before you set foot in the surf. These rules are not so much “rules” as they are a proper code of conduct designed to keep everyone in the water safe and happy. People who repeatedly break these rules are often given the stink-eye, a stern talking to, yelled at with obscenities, or just flat out beat up.

Don’t worry, if you accidentally drop in on someone they aren’t going to beat you up. However, there are rules of the road out there and this is the real world. If you’re constantly stealing waves or not being respectful, you’re going to have a run in.

With the growing popularity of surfing, the number of people in the water is on the rise and unfortunately surfing etiquette is gradually eroding away. The ocean is a dangerous place, and without proper thought to safety it can become deadly.

New surfers should memorize these rules, and even veterans should take a refresher course now and then.

Rule #1: Right of Way

The Surfer Closest To The Peak Has The Right Of Way.

The surfer closest to the peak of the wave has the right of way. This means if you’re paddling for a right, and a surfer on your left is also paddling for it, you must yield to him or her. There are a couple variations to this rule:

If someone is up riding a wave, don’t attempt a late takeoff between the curl/whitewater and the surfer. If the surfer who’s riding the wave wants to make a cutback she’ll run right into you.

Just because the whitewater catches up to a surfer riding a wave doesn’t give you permission to take off down the line. Many talented surfers can outrun the section and get back to the face of the wave.

The Surfer Closest To The Peak Has The Right Of Way.A-Frames or Split Peaks: If two surfers are on either side of the peak, they each have the right of way to take off on their respective sides. It’s not generally accepted to take off behind the peak unless there’s nobody on the other side. These surfers should split the peak and go opposite ways.

If a surfer riding a wave gets closed out with an impossible section or wipes out, the next surfer down the line can take off. If you’re a very new beginner I’d hold off on doing this anyway until you have a bit more experience.

If a wave is breaking towards itself (a closeout) and two surfers are taking off at each other, yes both have the right of way but this is a perilous situation and it’s advisable to kick out early to avoid a collision.

The Surfer Closest To The Peak Has The Right Of Way.

Rule #2: Don’t Drop In

This is related to Rule #1. This is probably the most important part of surfing etiquette. Dropping in means that someone with the right of way is either about to take off on a wave or is already riding

The Surfer Closest To The Peak Has The Right Of Way.

a wave, and you also take off on the same wave in front of him or her. This blocks his ride down the line, and is extremely annoying, not to mention dangerous. If you are tempted to drop in remember this: no matter how good the wave is, if you drop in on someone you’ll feel like crap, the other surfer will be pissed, and the wave will be ruined for everyone.

Rule #3: Paddling Rules:

Some common sense surfing etiquette rules that people don’t seem to realize are important. Don’t paddle straight through the heart of the lineup where people are surfing. Paddle out through the channel where the waves aren’t breaking and people aren’t surfing. Sometimes at spread out beach breaks this is hard, but usually there is a less crowded area to paddle through.

The Surfer Closest To The Peak Has The Right Of Way.When paddling back out, do NOT paddle in front of someone riding a wave unless you’re well, well in front of him. You must paddle behind those who are up and riding and take the whitewater hit or duckdive. You’ll appreciate this the next time you’re up on a wave.

Sometimes you’ll just end up in a bad spot and won’t be able to paddle behind a surfer. It’s your responsibility to speed paddle to get over the wave and out of his or her way. If you don’t do this, he or she might just run you over!

Rule #4: Don’t Ditch Your Board

This is important, especially when it gets crowded. Always try to maintain control and contact with your board. Surfboards are large, heavy, and hard. If you let your board go flying around, it is going to eventually clock someone in the head. This means if you’re paddling out and a wall of whitewater is coming, you don’t have permission to just throw your board away and dive under. If you throw your board and there is someone paddling out behind you, there is going to be carnage. This is a hard rule for beginners, but if you manage to avoid picking up the habit of throwing your board you will be a MUCH better surfer.

Rule #5: Don’t Snake

“Snaking” is when a surfer paddles around another surfer in order position himself to get the right of way for a wave. He is effectively making a big “S” around a fellow surfer. While not immediately hazardous to your health, this is incredibly annoying. You can’t cut the lineup. Patiently wait your turn. Wave hogs don’t get respect in the water. Also, being a local doesn’t give you permission to ruthlessly snake visitors who are being polite. If they’re not being polite, well…

Rule #6: Beginners: don’t paddle out to the middle of a packed lineup.

This is kind of open to interpretation, but it still stands: if you’re a beginner you should try to avoid paddling out into the middle of a pack of experienced veterans. Try to go out to a less crowded beginner break. You’ll know you’re in the wrong spot if you get the stink-eye!

Rule #7: Don’t be a wave hog.

Just because you can catch all the waves doesn’t mean you should. This generally applies to longboarders, kayakers, or stand up paddlers. Since it’s easier to catch waves on these watercraft, it becomes tempting to catch them all, leaving nothing for shortboarders on the inside. Give a wave, get a wave.

Rule #8: Respect the beach

Don’t litter. Simple as that. Pick up your trash, and try to pick up a few pieces of trash before you leave even if it’s not yours.

Rule #9: Drive responsibly

The locals who live in the residential areas near the beach deserve your respect. Don’t speed or drive recklessly.

Rule #10: If you mess up

Nobody really mentions this in surfing etiquette lists, but if you mess up and accidentally drop in or mess up someone’s wave, a quick apology is appreciated, and goes a long way to reducing tension in crowded lineups. You don’t have to grovel at their feet (well, unless you did something horrible). Honestly, if you drop in on someone and then ignore them, it’s pretty stupid.
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This might seem like a lot of stuff to remember, but in time it will become second nature. Most surfing etiquette rules are common sense anyway.

Have fun in the water!

Comments (78)

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  1. Mike says:

    Learning these rules here in Southeastern NC will be of great benefit for those of you who plan to travel. I have surfed all over the world and this is one of the more mellow surf environments. As you head out west the terms “aggro” and “local” take on a whole new meaning. As the waves get bigger and the risk factor increases the chances of doing harm to yourself or someone else becomes very real. Just remember to show respect and know your limits.

  2. Andy says:

    I’ve been surfing for about 4 weeks now and I’m getting it I can legibly say I can surf, well anyway I was at the beach today and i was paddling back out and a surfer was riding a wave and I was at a position were I was just getting back on my board to start paddling and I couldn’t get out of his way at all and so I went under. And this guy was a total jerk he yelled at me to start paddling that way until I couldn’t see him then said your a f*cking kook. And I’m like 17 and he looked to be in his late 30’s. And i was like whatever dude and I started paddling down. And all the surfers had a look on their face like wow.. But I didn’t even feel like surfing anymore so I left

  3. [...] to the Surfing Handbook (not to mention common sense): “If someone is up riding a wave, don’t attempt a late [...]

  4. stan says:

    Chill out a little on the beginners. As a beginner I it is difficult to learn because the experiences surfers are always in the good areas. A few weeks ago I was in a great spot and finially catching some waves. Many experienced surfers then came over and broke many of your so called etiqutte rules. If you don’t like beginners surfing with you find a new sport. The ocean belongs to everyone. Throw your stink eye my way because I am a beginner and your stink eye will be a black stink eye.

  5. stan says:

    Chill out a little on the beginners. As a beginner I it is difficult to learn because the experienced surfers are always in the good areas. A few weeks ago I was in a great spot and finially catching some waves. Many experienced surfers then came over and broke many of your so called etiqutte rules. If you don’t like beginners surfing with you find a new sport. The ocean belongs to everyone. Throw your stink eye my way because I am a beginner and your stink eye will be a black stink eye.

  6. [...] this should help a bit Surfing Etiquette | The Surfing Handbook From what you've said, it sounds like you dropped in on the guy who ran you over, so your fault, [...]

  7. Michael says:

    Awesome!!! I have been really wondering a lot about this as I have been lately teaching myself to surf in Hawaii. Much Mahalos for the tip and I am sure that my next experience in the water will be far more enjoyable! Thanks again (:

  8. ruby says:

    Andy – the guy was a dick, brush it off.

    BUT do not say you surf. One month does not a surfer make. He was probably frustrated that you were in the impact zone futzing around. Beginners make it an annoying habit to be right where the waves are breaking to fix their leash or get back on the board. If you can not successfully ride from the line-up to the shore without stopping, MOVE DOWN THE BEACH to where no one is and practice there. A surfer should be able to ride through the impact zone without worrying to much about flotsam & jetsam.

  9. Chance says:

    Plain and simple, give respect to get respect.

  10. [...] subject to their rule. Further respect is earned in ability, physicality, courage and adherence to surfing etiquette. While such customs may be explained to an outsider, it is not possible to be taught the culture. [...]

  11. [...] click here to read the original source of the  surfing handbook rules [...]

  12. mitch says:

    i’m glad i live in south florida even though the waves suck the people are nice (except on south beach)

  13. Colin Holmes says:

    Say whatever you like about the rules, the locals will bend the rules, try to intimidate you if you catch your share of the good waves. If you can ignore their indiscretions and death stares, not attract too much attention by following the above rules, you might enjoy yourself. But don’t expect the locals to follow the same rules as you, some will and some will really push the limits.

  14. martin says:

    I read some of the comments and the beginners have to understand the etiquette rules listed in most websites and books are just the beginning. so hear is a beginning one most people miss. You get a wave and after paddle back and try to go on the very next wave, you deserve to get doped in on on till you get the point that its not cool to do. One reason most don’t tell this rule is because a beginner ocean judgement isn’t good enough to enforce this rule nor would anyone respect the beginner for trying to do so. which means you would just end up getting your ass kicked.

    The point that I’m trying to make is that your right when you say that many expert surfers don’t fallow the “Rules”. But There are a lot more rules then you know, or would recognize.

    If some calls you on something find out what it is there calling you on. Let them teach you and later you will know if what there saying is true or not.

  15. adelle says:

    I’m a 13-14 year old girl,I’m not a surfer myself but I enjoyed reading all the rules:) its also nice and simple(and quite funny too) on rule#2 made me laugh- like when if you drop in on someone, you’ll feel like crap and the other surfer will be pissed.. of course they would be!xD I’m thinking of trying out surfing.. maybe:)So this has helped me out a bit, and has given me a good heads up for learning to surf:D xox

  16. jim says:

    Good tips for everybody out there. Here in Waikiki, there are brand new surfers everywhere and it is very crowded. Things might go a lot smoother if people headed these unspoken rules.

  17. [...] To catch a breaking wave, you’ll need to paddle out through the whitewater. If you’re at a popular surfing beach, aim for the area where all the other surfers are bobbing in the water. Before doing so, make sure you understand proper surfing etiquette. [...]

  18. Mike says:

    I’m a beginner, and I’ll try to stay out of the way of people surfing from farther out, but that’s about it.I’d like to see some c-lover try to intimidate me.

  19. john says:

    Rule #11: There’s no such thing as surf report here, just a description of how Tony B’s session was.

  20. [...] Info from The Surfing Handbook [...]

  21. [...] way to not get on the dark side of the locals is to honour the etiquette in the water. Surfers and body boarders regularly cross paths and therefore cross swords, so show respect to [...]

  22. Nick says:

    This is great…alot of it was common sence and im still a grom and i was raised on respect those above you and you get respect back and really its great i usually go surfing with my dad so he can help me but some days when he works i end up by myself but the older dudes out there especially were i am in LBI nj they are great i respect them and they respect me…they give me tips and set me up with waves…and pretty much bring me into their surfing group…now on the other hand we get alot of tourists were i am and im not saying that because i am local im better because im not…but they really need to read stuff like this because especially as a begginer when you see a dude shredding and your just getting up from wipeing out its great to sit and watch…and then i see im in the worst spot and im obviously moving away this dude got mad because i got in his way, and at the time i didnt realise it actually i found out cus i saw the dude paddeling over to me and i started to paddle towards him so he didnt waste energy and i was excited to talk to the dude he was good and i started to compliment him and stuff and he had a look on his face tho like i killed his puppy, then he said i messed up his run and stuff, but he was kinda rude bout it but i knew i was a begginer and stuff so i appologiesed and then istarted to ask for advice…long story short people get angry over stupid stuff just you have to be smart….p.s sorry if i went on and babbled alot im writing this at 4 am :D

  23. [...] surfing etiquette, for instance. At a beginner break (in my area, Campus Point in the summer), you can mess up and [...]

  24. [...] would not understand your passion for this sport.  One thing that you as the surfer could do is to follow safety rules and use common sense when enjoying the sport.  Your chances of sustaining an injury can be [...]

  25. Mike says:

    I have lived and surfed Wrightsville since I was 10 years old (27) now. Wrightsville has a bunch of prima donna locals that are hot heads. Just stay clear of them and move down the beach and have fun.

  26. [...] anger and posturing from other guys who’ll believe that in a close call you broke the surfing code. And you’ll think they will have too. (There are just so many people in the water!) Whether [...]

  27. Peter"Pope"Kahapea says:

    Rules of Etiquette ….. were lost, in the shortboard revolution.
    “Cracks & scoldings” were lost to whiners & lawyers
    Busy Parents, trying to make a living, and supporting their whining kids ….
    Demanding kids, with their needy palms out, saying, “gimme, I WANT”
    A Lack, of communication, the Inter-net
    Cheap Kooks, buying Chinese Pop-out Products from Costco
    Greedy Hipsters, jumping on the SUP wagon, with NO understanding of…
    Surf Etiquette or History, of surfing …..
    And certainly a lack of teaching, of mentoring our kids with the pleasantries
    of being a human being, the respect that should be allowed every person and the understanding, that surfing is a privilege, and not a right, as an individual.


  28. John says:

    I drop in on almost everybody. I am a 4th degree black belt in BJJ so if you want to go there be my guest. I get more waves because of BJJ. If you get snappy with me you might find yourself in an arm bar or ankle pick on the beach or rocks. Bad ass martial artists rule the lineups and “etiquette” doesn’t apply if WE don’t want it to.

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